Katherine Hawkins, The Wildlife Trusts’ senior living landscape officer, says:
“We welcome the transition from culling to vaccinating badgers – today’s announcement is really good news. It’s an open acknowledgement that culling badgers to control bTB is not a viable long-term strategy. It is hugely heartening to know that the large areas in which badgers have been vaccinated – most of which has been carried out by Wildlife Trusts – will be protected and potentially ‘buffered’ to ensure culling will not happen in those places.”
The Wildlife Trusts have demonstrated that badger vaccination works: twelve Wildlife Trusts across England and Wales have conducted badger vaccination since 2011. The largest programme is run by Derbyshire Wildlife Trust and the National Trust who worked together with volunteers to vaccinate hundreds of badgers since their programme began in 2014. They have also delivered training nationally in partnership with the Animal and Plant Health Agency over the last two years.
Dr Jo Smith, CEO of Derbyshire Wildlife Trust, says:
“Badger vaccination is a vital and viable alternative. The Government’s new practical proposals for training more vaccinators will speed things up – that’s good news for this much-loved mammal and great news for the farmers that want to get on with this too. Time is of the essence – we’re looking forward to making this new approach happen as quickly as possible and building on our established vaccination programme in Derbyshire.”
The Wildlife Trusts have long called for an end to culling, arguing that it makes more sense to:
- Invest in and promote a strategy for badger vaccination – led and funded by Government
- Invest more time and resource in supporting improved farm biosecurity and movement controls
- Accelerate development of more effective tests for bTB in cattle and put serious investment into a bTB cattle vaccine
The Wildlife Trusts are delighted to see that the Government is phasing out intensive culls in High Risk Areas and that these will be replaced by government-supported badger vaccination – for which adequate Government funding will be needed. We are also pleased that the Government has announced that it will continue to support existing vaccination projects, review the Badger Edge Vaccination Scheme funding evaluation criteria and support badger vaccination in those areas with incidence of bTB that have so far avoided the cull.
There is robust scientific evidence to prove that badger vaccination reduces the transmission of bTB in badgers . Several studies demonstrate that vaccinating badgers reduces the progression, severity and the likelihood that the infection would be passed on, once a badger is infected [2,3,4].
The Wildlife Trusts have opposed the badger cull since it first started and no Wildlife Trust will allow badger culling on its land. For more information go to
- A strategy for achieving Bovine Tuberculosis Free Status for England: 2018 review - government response – next steps for the strategy for achieving bovine tuberculosis free status for England. The government’s response to the strategy review, 2018. Today’s announcement here.
- The Wildlife Trusts call for more investment in badger vaccination, 21 March 2019.
- Huge disappointment at limitations of Bovine TB Strategy Review led by Sir Charles Godfray, November 2018.
 M. A. Chambers, S. P. Carter, G. J. Wilson, G. Jones, E. Brown, R. G. Hewinson, M. Vordermeier, 2014. Vaccination against tuberculosis in badgers and cattle: an overview of the challenges, developments and current research priorities in Great Britain. Veterinary Record, 175: 90-96.
 Chambers, M.A., Rogers, F., Delahay, R.J., Lesellier, S., Ashford, R., et al. 2011. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccination reduces the severity and progression of tuberculosis in badgers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 278: 1913–1920. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21123260
 Lesellier, S., Palmer, S., Gowtage-Sequiera, S., Ashford, R., Dalley, D., et al. 2011. Protection of Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) from tuberculosis after intra-muscular vaccination with different doses of BCG. Vaccine, 29: 3782–3790. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21440035
 Carter et al., 2012. BCG Vaccination Reduces Risk of Tuberculosis Infection in Vaccinated Badgers and Unvaccinated Badger Cubs. PLOS One, 7: e49833
The Wildlife Trusts
The Wildlife Trusts believe that people need nature and it needs us. We are here to make the world wilder and to make nature part of everyone’s lives. We are a grassroots movement of 46 charities with more than 850,000 members and 38,000 volunteers. No matter where you are in the UK, there is a Wildlife Trust inspiring people and saving, protecting and standing up for the natural world.