Wall Brown

Wall Brown ©Adam Cormack

Wall Brown

Wall Brown ©Amy Lewis

Wall brown

Scientific name: Lasiommata megera
The Wall brown or 'Wall' gets its name from the fact it rests on any bare surface or wall! It can be found in open, sunny places like sand dunes, old quarries, grasslands and railway cuttings.

Species information

Statistics

Wingspan: 4.5-5.3cm

Conservation status

Priority Species under the UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework.

When to see

May to October

About

The Wall brown is a medium-sized butterfly which is on the wing in two or three broods, between the middle of April and the end of October. It is a widespread, but declining, butterfly of hot, sunny places such as open grassland, sand dunes and rocky foreshores, disused quarries and railway cuttings, and even gardens. Caterpillars feed on a variety of grasses including False Broom and Tor-grass.

How to identify

The Wall brown is mainly pale orange with greyish-brown markings and black eyespots. The best way to identify the 'brown' butterflies is by looking at the eyespots on their wings. The combination of orange and brown markings, together with one large eyespot on the forewing and four smaller eyespots on the hindwing, is unique to the Wall Brown.

Distribution

A scarce butterfly found in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and southern Scotland, particularly around the coast.

Did you know?

Living up to its name, the Wall brown has a habit of basking on bare patches of rock, earth and stone, such as walls and paths. This allows it to raise its temperature both directly from the sun and indirectly from the reflected heat of the surface it is on, allowing it to fly.

How people can help

The Wildlife Trusts work closely with farmers and landowners to ensure that our wildlife is protected and to promote wildlife-friendly practices. By working together, we can create Living Landscapes: networks of habitats stretching across town and country that allow wildlife to move about freely and people to enjoy the benefits of nature. Support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.