Homarus gammarus


A large crustacean, Lobsters are very familiar animals with big front pincers and a long body. They live in crevices and caves amongst rocks from the low tide mark and deeper. Common Lobsters are scavengers and use their pincers to manipulate food - differing in size, one is used for crushing and the other for cutting.

How to identify

Unmistakeable: Common Lobsters are a deep purplish-blue colour, with red antennae. Other species of lobster are smaller and not the same colour.

Where to find it

Found all around our coasts.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Numbers of Common Lobster have been depleted by overfishing. The Wildlife Trusts are working with fishermen, researchers, politicians and local people towards a vision of 'Living Seas', where marine wildlife thrives. This work has recently had a massive boost with the passing of the Marine Bill, promising sustainable development of the UK's marine environment. Do your bit for our Living Seas by supporting your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Homarus gammarus
Barnacles, crabs, shrimps and lobster
Length: up to 1m, but usually about 50cm Average Lifespan: up to 15 years
Conservation status